Release of 1.7.0

Major new release

Dear friends of JSXGraph,

we are very happy to announce the release of JSXGraph v1.7.0!

New elements

The most notable new feature of this release is the very long awaited ability to plot implicitly defined curves, i.e. the the curve is the set of solutions of an equation F(x, y) = 0. JSXGraph offers the new curve element implicitcurve for this feature. At you’ll find a demo version with various typical examples, while you can also supply your own example (input language is JessieCode).

Implicit plotting (in a reasonable time) is a delicate matter. The algorithm has plenty of parameters, a few of them can be changed online in the above example site. Unfortunately, for every algorithm one can always find equations that will break that algorithm. The paper by Oliver Labs, A List of Challenges for Real Algebraic Plane Curve Visualization Software contains a lot of such examples. This said, at the time being our algorithm will not detect solitary points, i.e. isolated singular points.

If the curve defined by your favorite equation is not plotted correctly, regardless of the parameter values, please send it to us as a bug report.

Further new elements are parallelogram (see API reference) and vectorfield3D (see API reference). The latter marks one more step in the gradual improvement of 3D support in JSXGraph. Another new element is measurement which enables display of measurements and expressions thereof. This is a very specific element tailored for the use in the upcoming new release of our interactive geometry system sketchometry. We will explain its possibilities in a future blog post.

The mathematical foundation of JSXGraph is extended by several new functions:

  • JXG.Math.Numerics.polzeros: computes all zeros (including the complex ones) of a polynomial. It uses Weierstrass iteration, attributed also to Aberth and Ehrlich.
  • JXG.Math.Numerics.glomin: Brent’s global minimizer of a function in one variable.
  • JXG.Math.hypot: Euclidean length of an arbitrary number of parameters.
  • JXG.Math.hstep: Heaviside unit step function
  • JXG.Math.Geometry.distPointSegment: computes distance point from segment.
  • For fast access to a curve, a new quadtree implementation JXG.Math.BoxQuadtree has been developed.


Starting with this release it is possible to use themes which control the visual appearance of JSXGraph elements. Changing the visual appearance has been possible before by tweaking the options object. However, this was somewhat complex. In v1.7.0 there is the new theme mono_thin available. It can be activated with the board attribute theme:'mono_thin', see API reference. Hopefully, more themes will be contributed by the user community. If this is the case, new themes will probably not be part of jsxgraphcore.js, but we will try to set up a repository with available themes. However, the mono-thin will be part of the core to serve as an example.

STACK support

Good news for users of the JSXGraph plug-in in the popular question type STACK for e-assessment in moodle and ILIAS:

  • The JessieCode parser in JSXGraph now understands now the symbols x^2 as well as x**2 for exponentiation.
  • JSXGraph offers the function JXG.stack2jsxgraph(string) (API reference) which expects a string containing MAXIMA syntax and returns a JavaScript / JessieCode string or array. Example:
var code = JXG.stack2jsxgraph("[%pi*(x**2 - 1), %phi*(x - 1), %gamma*(x+1)]");
// returns
["PI*(x**2 - 1)", "1.618033988749895*(x - 1)", "0.5772156649015329*(x+1)"]
  • Please give us feedback if you have specific request for this feature.


Further, this release contains many bug fixes and improvements. Mots notably, a quadratic runtime in board.removeObject() could finally removed. Deleting many objects at once should now work sufficiently fast. Other improvements:

  • Arrowheads can now switched with setAttribute
  • The method Value of angle, sector and arc has been extended by the parameter ‘unit’
  • Fullscreen support should now work everywhere (beside iphones, where it is forbidden)
  • Each of the navigation buttons for zooming, … has now its own CSS class
  • The coordinates of points, texts, and image can now be accessed with element.Coords() instead of the slightly more cumbersome [element.X(), element.Y()]
  • The mediawiki plug-in works with the latest mediawiki version

To see a more complete list of changes, please consult

As in most recent releases, TypeScript support of the new features is lagging behind. Please, if you are a TypeScript expert, help us to add the new features to index.d.ts.

Many thanks to all contributors who helped to improve JSXGraph! Please keep posting bug reports, feature suggestions, and code improvements. In particular, if you have small examples and comments to improve the API reference, let us know. Also, TypeScript support of the new features is lagging behind. Please, if you are a TypeScript expert, help us to add the new features to index.d.ts.


Carsten Miller, Andreas Walter, and Alfred Wassermann