Difference between revisions of "Circles on circles rotating in opposite directions"

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The sliders to adjust the parameters of this curve are from the jQuery UI package, see [http://jqueryui.com http://jqueryui.com]. This example shows the seamless integration of JSXGraph into the web page.
 
The sliders to adjust the parameters of this curve are from the jQuery UI package, see [http://jqueryui.com http://jqueryui.com]. This example shows the seamless integration of JSXGraph into the web page.
  
<html>
 
<link rel="Stylesheet" type="text/css" href="http://jsxgraph.uni-bayreuth.de/distrib/css/ui-lightness/jquery-ui-1.7.2.custom.css"/>
 
<script type="text/javascript" src="http://jsxgraph.uni-bayreuth.de/distrib/jquery.min.js"></script>
 
<script type="text/javascript" src="http://jsxgraph.uni-bayreuth.de/distrib/jquery-ui.min.js"></script>
 
<style type="text/css">
 
#slider-frame > div.sliders { padding: 10px !important; };
 
</style>
 
<script type="text/javascript">
 
$(function() {
 
$("#sliderc1").slider({
 
orientation: "horizontal",range: "min",min: 0,max: 100,value: 60,
 
slide: function(event, ui) {
 
$("#c1").val(ui.value*0.01);
 
                                c1 = ui.value*0.01;
 
                                board.update();
 
}
 
});
 
$("#sliderf1").slider({
 
orientation: "horizontal",range: "min",min: 1,max: 100,value: 7,
 
slide: function(event, ui) {
 
$("#f1").val(ui.value);
 
                                f1 = ui.value;
 
                                board.update();
 
}
 
});
 
$("#c1").val($("#sliderc1").slider("value")*0.01);
 
$("#f1").val($("#sliderf1").slider("value"));
 
 
$("#sliderc2").slider({
 
orientation: "horizontal",range: "min",min: 0,max: 100,value: 0,
 
slide: function(event, ui) {
 
$("#c2").val(ui.value*0.01);
 
                                c2 = ui.value*0.01;
 
                                board.update();
 
}
 
});
 
$("#sliderf2").slider({
 
orientation: "horizontal",range: "min",min: 1,max: 100,value: 17,
 
slide: function(event, ui) {
 
$("#f2").val(ui.value);
 
                                f2 = ui.value;
 
                                board.update();
 
}
 
});
 
$("#c2").val($("#sliderc2").slider("value")*0.01);
 
$("#f2").val($("#sliderf2").slider("value"));
 
});
 
</script>
 
  
 
<div class="sliders" style="margin:5px">
 
<div class="sliders" style="margin:5px">
 +
  <p>
 +
<div style="margin:5px">
 
   <p>
 
   <p>
 
     <label for="c1">c1:</label>
 
     <label for="c1">c1:</label>
     <input type="text" id="c1" style="border:0; color:#f6931f; font-weight:bold;" />
+
     <input type="range" id="c1" style="border:0; color:#f6931f; font-weight:bold;"  
 +
        min="0" max="100" value="60"
 +
        oninput="c1 = this.value*0.01; board.update();"
 +
    />
 
     <label for="f1">f1:</label>
 
     <label for="f1">f1:</label>
     <input type="text" id="f1" style="border:0; color:#f6931f; font-weight:bold;" />
+
     <input type="range" id="f1" style="border:0; color:#f6931f; font-weight:bold;"  
 +
        min="1" max="100" value="7"
 +
        oninput="f1 = this.value; board.update();"
 +
    />
 
     <label for="c2">c2:</label>
 
     <label for="c2">c2:</label>
     <input type="text" id="c2" style="border:0; color:#f6931f; font-weight:bold;" />
+
     <input type="range" id="c2" style="border:0; color:#f6931f; font-weight:bold;"  
 +
        min="0" max="100" value="0"
 +
        oninput="c2 = this.value*0.01;
 +
                  board.updateQuality = board.BOARD_QUALITY_HIGH;
 +
                  board.update();"
 +
    />
 
     <label for="f2">f2:</label>
 
     <label for="f2">f2:</label>
     <input type="text" id="f2" style="border:0; color:#f6931f; font-weight:bold;" />
+
     <input type="range" id="f2" style="border:0; color:#f6931f; font-weight:bold;"  
 +
        min="1" max="100" value="17"
 +
        oninput="f2 = this.value; board.update();"
 +
    />
 +
  </p>
 +
</div>
 
   </p>
 
   </p>
  <div id="sliderc1" style="width:300px;margin:10px;"></div>
 
  <div id="sliderf1" style="width:300px;margin:10px;"></div>
 
  <div id="sliderc2" style="width:300px;margin:10px;"></div>
 
  <div id="sliderf2" style="width:300px;margin:10px;"></div>
 
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
</html>
 
</html>
 +
 
<jsxgraph width="500" height="500" box="jxgbox">
 
<jsxgraph width="500" height="500" box="jxgbox">
 
board = JXG.JSXGraph.initBoard('jxgbox', {boundingbox:[-2.5,2.5,2.5,-2.5], keepaspectratio:true});
 
board = JXG.JSXGraph.initBoard('jxgbox', {boundingbox:[-2.5,2.5,2.5,-2.5], keepaspectratio:true});
 +
 
var c1 = 0.6;
 
var c1 = 0.6;
 
var c2 = 0.0;
 
var c2 = 0.0;
 
var f1 = 7;
 
var f1 = 7;
 
var f2 = 17;
 
var f2 = 17;
 +
 
var c = board.create('curve', [
 
var c = board.create('curve', [
 
               function(t) { return Math.cos(t)+ c1*Math.cos(f1*t)+ c2*Math.sin(f2*t);},
 
               function(t) { return Math.cos(t)+ c1*Math.cos(f1*t)+ c2*Math.sin(f2*t);},
 
               function(t) { return Math.sin(t)+ c1*Math.sin(f1*t)+ c2*Math.cos(f2*t);},
 
               function(t) { return Math.sin(t)+ c1*Math.sin(f1*t)+ c2*Math.cos(f2*t);},
               0,2.02*Math.PI],{strokeWidth:2});
+
               0,2.02*Math.PI], {strokeWidth:2});
 
</jsxgraph>
 
</jsxgraph>
  

Revision as of 13:14, 23 June 2020

This is an example of a parametric curve plot. It shows the orbit of a point on a circle. The circle rotates on a circle which again rotates on the unit circle. The resulting curve is described by the function

[math] [0,2\pi]\to{\mathbf R}^2, \quad t\mapsto {\cos(t)\choose \sin(t)}+c_1{\cos(f_1t)\choose \sin(f_1t)}+c_2{\sin(f_2t)\choose \cos(f_2t)}[/math]

The sliders to adjust the parameters of this curve are from the jQuery UI package, see http://jqueryui.com. This example shows the seamless integration of JSXGraph into the web page.


<label for="c1">c1:</label> <input type="range" id="c1" style="border:0; color:#f6931f; font-weight:bold;" min="0" max="100" value="60" oninput="c1 = this.value*0.01; board.update();" /> <label for="f1">f1:</label> <input type="range" id="f1" style="border:0; color:#f6931f; font-weight:bold;" min="1" max="100" value="7" oninput="f1 = this.value; board.update();" /> <label for="c2">c2:</label> <input type="range" id="c2" style="border:0; color:#f6931f; font-weight:bold;" min="0" max="100" value="0" oninput="c2 = this.value*0.01; board.updateQuality = board.BOARD_QUALITY_HIGH; board.update();" /> <label for="f2">f2:</label> <input type="range" id="f2" style="border:0; color:#f6931f; font-weight:bold;" min="1" max="100" value="17" oninput="f2 = this.value; board.update();" />

</html>

Variation:

External references

Epicycloidal curves have been used by the ancient greeks to describe the orbits of the planets, see

The source code of this construction

This is the first experiment with the jQuery UI package. So, the code may not be optimized, yet. The main difficulty is to read the values of the sliders. This is done via four JavaScript variables [math]c1, c2, f1, f2[/math].

<html>
<link rel="Stylesheet" type="text/css" href="http://jsxgraph.uni-bayreuth.de/distrib/css/ui-lightness/jquery-ui-1.7.2.custom.css"/>
<script type="text/javascript" src="http://jsxgraph.uni-bayreuth.de/distrib/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="http://jsxgraph.uni-bayreuth.de/distrib/jquery-ui.min.js"></script>

<style type="text/css">
		#slider-frame > div.sliders { padding: 10px !important; };
	</style>
	<script type="text/javascript">
	$(function() {
		$("#sliderc1").slider({
			orientation: "horizontal",range: "min",min: 0,max: 100,value: 60,
			slide: function(event, ui) {
				$("#c1").val(ui.value*0.01);
                                c1 = ui.value*0.01;
                                board.update();
			}
		});
		$("#sliderf1").slider({
			orientation: "horizontal",range: "min",min: 1,max: 100,value: 7,
			slide: function(event, ui) {
				$("#f1").val(ui.value);
                                f1 = ui.value;
                                board.update();
			}
		});
		$("#c1").val($("#sliderc1").slider("value")*0.01);
		$("#f1").val($("#sliderf1").slider("value"));

		$("#sliderc2").slider({
			orientation: "horizontal",range: "min",min: 0,max: 100,value: 0,
			slide: function(event, ui) {
				$("#c2").val(ui.value*0.01);
                                c2 = ui.value*0.01;
                                board.update();
			}
		});
		$("#sliderf2").slider({
			orientation: "horizontal",range: "min",min: 1,max: 100,value: 17,
			slide: function(event, ui) {
				$("#f2").val(ui.value);
                                f2 = ui.value;
                                board.update();
			}
		});
		$("#c2").val($("#sliderc2").slider("value")*0.01);
		$("#f2").val($("#sliderf2").slider("value"));
	});
	</script>

<div class="sliders" style="margin:5px">
  <p>
    <label for="c1">c1:</label>
    <input type="text" id="c1" style="border:0; color:#f6931f; font-weight:bold;" />
    <label for="f1">f1:</label>
    <input type="text" id="f1" style="border:0; color:#f6931f; font-weight:bold;" />
    <label for="c2">c2:</label>
    <input type="text" id="c2" style="border:0; color:#f6931f; font-weight:bold;" />
    <label for="f2">f2:</label>
    <input type="text" id="f2" style="border:0; color:#f6931f; font-weight:bold;" />
  </p>
  <div id="sliderc1" style="width:300px;margin:10px;"></div>
  <div id="sliderf1" style="width:300px;margin:10px;"></div>
  <div id="sliderc2" style="width:300px;margin:10px;"></div>
  <div id="sliderf2" style="width:300px;margin:10px;"></div>
</div>
</html>
<jsxgraph width="500" height="500" box="jxgbox">
board = JXG.JSXGraph.initBoard('jxgbox', {boundingbox:[-2.5,2.5,2.5,-2.5], keepaspectratio:true});
var c1 = 0.6;
var c2 = 0.0; 
var f1 = 7; 
var f2 = 17;
var c = board.create('curve', [
              function(t) { return Math.cos(t)+ c1*Math.cos(f1*t)+ c2*Math.sin(f2*t);},
              function(t) { return Math.sin(t)+ c1*Math.sin(f1*t)+ c2*Math.cos(f2*t);},
              0,2.02*Math.PI],{strokeWidth:2});
</script>