Hilbert curve

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The famous space filling curve drawn with JavaScript. If it is set to level=9 the curve is defined by 262 144 points - so be careful if you are using Internet Explorer.

References

The underlying JavaScript code

        var b = JXG.JSXGraph.initBoard('jxgbox', {boundingbox: [-4, 4, 116, -116]});
        var UP = 0;
        var LEFT = 1;
        var DOWN = 2;
        var RIGHT = 3;
        var pos = [0,0];
        var step = 1;
        var pointsX = [];
        var pointsY = [];

        move = function(dir)  {
                switch (dir) {
                    case LEFT:
                        pos[0] -= step;
                        break;
                    case RIGHT:
                        pos[0] += step;
                        break;
                    case UP:
                        pos[1] += step;
                        break;
                    case DOWN:
                        pos[1] -= step;
                        break;
                } 
                pointsX[pointsX.length] = pos[0];
                pointsY[pointsY.length] = pos[1];
        };

        hilbert = function(level,dir) {
            if (level<=1) {
                switch (dir) {
                    case LEFT:
                        move(RIGHT);     
                        move(DOWN);      
                        move(LEFT);
                        break;
                    case RIGHT:
                        move(LEFT);
                        move(UP);
                        move(RIGHT);
                        break;
                    case UP:
                        move(DOWN);
                        move(RIGHT);
                        move(UP);
                        break;
                    case DOWN:
                        move(UP);
                        move(LEFT);
                        move(DOWN);
                        break;
                } 
            } else {
                switch (dir) {
                    case LEFT:
                        hilbert(level-1,UP);
                        move(RIGHT);
                        hilbert(level-1,LEFT);
                        move(DOWN);
                        hilbert(level-1,LEFT);
                        move(LEFT);
                        hilbert(level-1,DOWN);
                        break;
                    case RIGHT:
                        hilbert(level-1,DOWN);
                        move(LEFT);
                        hilbert(level-1,RIGHT);
                        move(UP);
                        hilbert(level-1,RIGHT);
                        move(RIGHT);
                        hilbert(level-1,UP);
                        break;
                    case UP:
                        hilbert(level-1,LEFT);
                        move(DOWN);
                        hilbert(level-1,UP);
                        move(RIGHT);
                        hilbert(level-1,UP);
                        move(UP);
                        hilbert(level-1,RIGHT);
                        break;
                    case DOWN:
                        hilbert(level-1,RIGHT);
                        move(UP);
                        hilbert(level-1,DOWN);
                        move(LEFT);
                        hilbert(level-1,DOWN);
                        move(DOWN);
                        hilbert(level-1,LEFT);
                        break;
                } 
            }
        };

        var curve = b.create('curve',[pointsX,pointsY],{curveType:'plot'});
        // we don't need highlighting. improves speed on mouse move
        curve.hasPoint = function () { return false; }

        var s = b.create('slider', [[0.75,-110],[50,-110],[1,1,9]], {name:'S',snapWidth:1});
        var oldlev = -1;
        curve.updateDataArray = function() {
            maxlev = Math.round(s.Value());
            if (oldlev==maxlev) {
                return;
            }
            pos = [0,0];
            pointsX = [0];
            pointsY = [0];
            step = 50/(Math.pow(2,maxlev-1));
            hilbert(maxlev,LEFT);
            this.dataX = pointsX;
            this.dataY = pointsY;
            oldlev=maxlev;
        };
b.update();